68 outbreaks were registered in domestic pigs, and 72 in wild boar.
According to data provided by Rosselkhoznadzor, cases of ASF in wild boar were confirmed in the Tver, Oryol, Saratov and Samara regions.
The greatest number of outbreaks was recorded this year in the Kostroma region: 10 cases on pig farms and 11 in wild hogs.
According to the earlier comments of Rosselkhoznadzor’s officials, the ASF situation is controlled better in Russia, than in the EU countries, which record thousands of ASF outbreaks. Thus, between January 1 and December 12, 2022, Poland reported almost 1.7 thousand ASF outbreaks, and 6.8 thousand cases were registered in Romania.
African swine fever is a severe, highly contagious viral disease of domestic and wild pigs with a 100% mortality rate. There is no specific treatment for ASF. Following a decision by Victoria Abramchenko, Deputy Prime Minister of Russian Federation, a domestic vaccine against ASF in cattle has to be developed and applied in Russia by 2024.
Wild hogs are considered to be the dominant (natural) hosts of the ASF virus. Infection causes high fever, vomiting and bloody diarrhea in wild and domestic pigs.
ASF does not present a threat to public health, although scientists presume mutations are possible.