It is specified, that 63 outbreaks were registered in farm animals, and 53 in wildlife.
The greatest number of outbreaks was recorded this year in the Kostroma region (10 cases on pig farms and 11 in wild hogs) and the Kaliningrad region (7 cases on pig farms and 9 in wild hogs).
African swine fever (ASF) is a severe, highly contagious viral disease of domestic and wild pigs with a 100% mortality rate. There is no specific treatment or effective vaccine for ASF. Following a decision by Victoria Abramchenko, Deputy Prime Minister of Russian Federation, a domestic vaccine against ASF in cattle has to be developed and applied in Russia by 2024.
Wild hogs are considered to be the dominant natural hosts of the ASF virus. Infection causes high fever, vomiting and bloody diarrhea in wild and domestic pigs.
ASF does not present a threat to public health, although scientists presume mutations are possible.