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Rosselkhoznadzor named Russian regions with highest prevalence of rabies

In the first quarter of 2023, the largest number of rabies-affected zones were revealed in the Nizhny Novgorod and Vladimir regions, the Federal Center for Animal Health (FGBI ARRIAH of Rosselkhoznadzor) told Veterinary Medicine and Life.

Rosselkhoznadzor named Russian regions with highest prevalence of rabies
Credit: Istock.com

“In the first quarter of 2023, the largest number of affected zones were reported in the Nizhny Novgorod (25) and Vladimir (15) regions,” the center said.

The total number of rabies outbreaks in the first quarter of 2023 reached 271. 279 animals got infected and died, with 116 cases in pet carnivores (cats and dogs), 145 among wild animals, and 18 among farm animals.  

According to the data provided by the Center for Veterinary Medicine of the Ministry of Agriculture, 571 rabies cases were revealed in animals in Russia from the beginning of the year to August 18.

A total of 767 rabies outbreaks were registered in 64 Russian regions in 2022, when 811 animals got infected and died: 401 pet carnivores, 341 wild animals, and 69 farm animals. The largest number of affected zones were reported in the Vladimir (72) and Chelyabinsk (60) regions.

Information Note:

Rabies is an infectious disease caused by the Rabies virus that affects both people and animals. Rabies causes severe damage to the central nervous system. It is characterized by hydrophobia, photophobia, aggressive behavior, salivation, and paralysis.

People can get infected through contact with rabid animals. The virus is spread with saliva through bites, scratches, or licking.

To prevent infection, the bitten area should be washed thoroughly with soapy water, then hydrogen peroxide and iodine should be applied. After that, one should immediately receive a full post-exposure vaccination course for rabies.

Experts warn that rabies is a particularly dangerous viral disease with a 100% mortality rate. Rabies can only be prevented, as there is no effective treatment for an established infection. If the exposed person doesn’t receive a post-exposure vaccination, the disease will cause death.

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English version, 23 Aug 2023 22:57
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